The Valley on an average witnesses at least one suicide every day, according to Nepal Police.
Metropolitan Police Commissioner’s Office has recorded 380 suicide deaths across the valley in the fiscal year 2013-2014. The number has declined as compared to the previous years as 408 cases were reported in the Valley in 2012-2013 and 381 cases in 2011-2012.
According to police records, people from a wide cross-section of society have been found to have taken their lives with hanging and self-poisoning being the most common methods.
According to the police records, of the total 380 suicide cases this year, 252 persons ended their lives by hanging themselves and 114 by consuming poison. Likewise, seven individuals had immolated themselves while others had used various machine tools.
People with mental problems, youth and adolescents, divorcees, single and living alone, police and military personnel are the groups most likely to end their lives voluntarily, according to investigating officials.
Experts say that family frustration, relationship issues, unemployment, financial pressure, violence and failure to achieve success among others are the factors that have been attributed as major causes leading people to commit suicide.
“Suicide rate was also found to be high among people suffering from depression. Personality disorder in youths and other social factors also lead them to commit suicide,” said Dr Ajay Risal, a psychiatrist at Dhulikhel Hospital. “Especially in the case of youths, they may commit suicide in order to release their frustration.”
He suggested that parents should study their children’s way of expressing frustration and counsel them or take him/her to a psychiatrist once in a while. According to him, schools should also have counsellors to prevent students from imitating others’ violent ways to let go frustration. Parents also must closely watch their children’s behaviour.
• Family frustration
• Relationship issues
• Financial pressure
• Failure to achieve success
• Personality disorder (mainly among youths)