Some 492, 532 people went for foreign employment from Nepal in the year 2070 BS and among them were 461, 769 male and 30, 763 female.
Although those going with permission through the Department of Foreign Employment are 492,532, those going without Department´s permission, working in the name of studies and going via Indian territory cannot be ascertained.
It is estimated that some 100,000 workers go abroad for jobs via India. Those going abroad via India can not be estimated though in large numbers, says Department Spokesperson Badri Kumar Karki.
The number of those going on foreign employment is 41, 044 per month and 1,349 per day. In 2070 BS, over 50,000 went for jobs in the month of Asar and lowest 24, 214 in Bhadau. Those going abroad for jobs, increased by 59,506 in 2070 BS as compared to the previous year.
Karki says those going abroad via India face many troubles abroad and they go for lack of awareness. Especially Nepali women are taken via India asgulf countries have strict provisions for their employment.
The women face sexual exploitations and labor exploitations and cannot be traced by the Nepalese Embassy as their passport is grabbed by the agents as soon as they reach there. Although many people are going abroad for jobs as they lack employment here, in recent times, they have been working in cow farming, poultry, goat rearing, and vegetable farming after returning home with new technologies.
This has proved that they can live honorably through agriculture in the villages if they have willpower. Karki says foreign employment should be managed rather than controlled as its remittance is the backbone of Nepal´s economy. The top destinations for jobs are Malaysia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Kuwait.
The largest number went to Malaysia last year or 166, 898 second is Qatar, where some 112, 079 workers went, third Saudi Arabia 74, 391 fourth Dubai 48, 634 and fifth Kuwait, 20,724. Most make Malaysia their destination as its climate is like Nepal´s and can work easily. Malaysia has demanded more Nepali workers, says Karki.
Most security guards in Malaysia are from Nepal and the country prioritizes them. Qatar is a rising economy and needs more Nepali workers as it is hosting 2022 world cup football. Demands from Qatar are increasing but workers could not be sent as demanded, say entrepreneurs.