Nepal has become the first country among 11 South Asian nations to use the latest antidote to Polio, Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV).
Nepal was successful to make the position as the Minister for Health and Population, Khagaraj Adhikari, handed over the vaccine for administering to a 14-month-old girl, Shanta Limbu, at a programme organised here today.
The Ministry of Health and Population, under the financial and technical aid of the World Health Organisation (WHO) and other donor agencies, first started using this oral vaccine.
Dr. Senendra Raj Uprety, the Director General of Department of Health Services, believes that this vaccine, in addition to polio’s regular vaccine, will help achieve WHO’s target to completely eradicate polio in this Himalayan nation by 2018.
Dr. Uprety said, “IPV vaccine prevents from polio, boosting immune system greatly.”
He further informed that vaccination of IPV leaves a red scar in the vaccinated area. If pressed it, it could hurt a bit too but the pain and scar disappear gradually.”
He added that regular Polio vaccine helps prevent the infection of polio whereas IPV prevents polio itself.
WHO had conferred a certificate on the government last year for getting polio-free for only one new case of polio was recorded in the country in the last four years.
Thereafter, according to Dr. Uprety, the Department had formulated four-year action plan to trace polio cases and eradicate it.
Last decade saw 32 cases of polio in the country.
Polio is a communicable disease transmitted by the virus named Polio, mostly through the contaminated food and water.
According to the latest statistics of the Ministry for Health and Population, around 90% of the children in the country are polio vaccinated.