Statistics released by Nepal Police show that Kathmandu district has the highest crime rate in the country.
According to data, Kathmandu, the most populated city and the country’s capital, recorded as many as 4,917 crimes in the fiscal 2015/16.
The other districts most vulnerable to crime are Sunsari (1,441), Chitwan (1,241), Jhapa (1,196), Rupandehi (1,179), Kaski (958), Morang (945), Lalitpur (902), Banke (744) and Parsa (706).
DIG Hemant Malla Thakuri, Central Police spokesperson, attributed the crime rate in these districts, mainly in their urban centres, to dense population concentration, rapid urbanisation and economic activity as ‘money and crime are interwoven’.
Kathmandu boasts a population of 1.003 million according to the 2011 census and a mobile population of more than 2.5 million.
The ratio of police staff to the country’s population currently stands at one per 559.9 persons. The ratio for the capital city is one per 1,932.
“Obviously, crime rates are much higher in big cities than in small cities and rural areas because chances of being recognised and arrested in a large mobile population is lower.
A person does not know his neighbour well enough in an urban setting and this sense of anonymity gives rise to criminal offences,” reasoned DIG Thakuri.
Districts with the lowest recorded crime rate in 2015/16 include Manang (11), Humla (14), Mugu (35), Dolpa (38), Rasuwa (45), Darchula (50), Bajura (60), Doti (63) and Dadeldhura (66).
Social crimes, domestic violence and burglary are the biggest problems facing cities. Unattended houses or rooms are the favoured targets of burglars at night.
Murder, attempted murder, fraud, human trafficking, rape, attempted rape, kidnapping, drugs smuggling, robbery, dealing in small arms, theft, cyber crime and social crimes remain the main challenges to law and order in urban life.
Cyber crime has also become a threat to personal security and dignity with more people having access to Internet and social networking sites.
The country recorded 28,070 incidents of crime in the fiscal 2014/15 compared to 28,563 in 2015/16, an annual increase of 1.76 per cent.
Public-police partnership, pro-active policing, awareness-raising activities and evidence-based crime investigation have been put on top priority to ensure the security of lives and property, said police.
Source: The Kathmandu Post