Global wildlife population down by 50pc in 4 decades

Wildlife population has decreased by over 50 percent globally between 1970 and 2010 due to the increasing human demands for natural resources to meet their daily needs.

According to the findings of Living Planet Report 2014 published by World Wildlife Fund on Tuesday, globally, populations of fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles have declined by 52 percent in the past four-decades.

The biggest recorded global threats to biodiversity are habitat loss and degradation, fishing and hunting, and climate change, shared a statement issued by WWF Nepal on Tuesday. Similarly, for thousands of species tracked by the report, tropical regions show a 56 per cent loss across populations compared to 36 per cent in temperate zones.

The report also shows Ecological Footprint – a measure of humanity’s demands on nature – continuing its upward climb, threatening the natural systems and biodiversity. Globally, humanity’s demand on the planet is more than 50 per cent larger than what nature can renew, with increasing anthropogenic activities on natural resources and the surrounding environment. However, at the same time the Asian cities are demonstrating earth-friendly solutions that are urgently needed to global problems as threats to the natural environment mount, the findings of the report further said.

Though, urban areas worldwide are responsible for more than 70 per cent of the planet’s energy-related carbon emissions, but they also have the potential to become centres of renewable energy production and energy efficiency, according to the report. The Living Planet Report 2014 is the tenth edition of WWF’s biennial flagship publication, tracking over 10,000 vertebrate species populations from 1970 to 2010.

Source: eKantipur