A team of 16 experts from the US, New Zealand and Australia assessed over 3,000 buildings in the aftermath of the earthquake, including private homes, schools, colleges, hospitals, heritage sites, high-rise apartments and public buildings.
The team analyzed the key reasons for building failures in the recent earthquake and provided recommendations in an official report.
Many recommendations focus on the need for more accountability and oversight to ensure that buildings aren’t only safe on paper but in practice. It calls for accountability for the design team and contractors as well as onsite field investigations during construction to ensure that contractors follow the approved documents while erecting or altering buildings.
“This is the result of very hard work from international experts and will be very valuable, especially for reconstruction of Kathmandu structures. It will also help give a new direction for code development and in developing policies as we go forward for reconstruction,” said Yogeshwar Parajuli, commissioner of the Kathmandu Valley Development Authority (KVDA). The report will be available on the KVDA website.
“This report will serve as a useful reference to Nepali engineers and will be circulated widely among different departments,” said Minister for Urban Development Narayan Khadka while receiving the report.
“Without effective enforcement, codes and standards cannot be effective at safeguarding against unacceptable losses due to earthquakes,” read the report.