Identifying HIV infected people in society is the main challenge to controlling the spread of the disease, said the National Center for HIV/AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) of the Department of Health Services (DoHS).
Officials said curbing new infections is difficult unless undetected HIV cases are identified.
“About 15,000 HIV infected people are still undetected and they might have been spreading the disease,” NCASC´s Director Dr Dipendra Raman Singh said at a function held in the capital on Sunday.
Similarly, unless the HIV infected are identified providing them with treatment, care and assistance, is out of question. Singh stressed the need for formulating an Act to check discrimination against the HIV-infected. However, he also added that the implementation of the Act would be an even greater challenge.
According to Singh, NCASC has been working to bring down cases of new infection, discrimination and deaths related to Aids to zero, as per its global commitment.
Sambhu Kafle, an official at NCASC, informed that out of 40,723 estimated HIV-infected in the country only 25, 222 have been identified so far. He informed that 2,400 new cases were identified in 2013.
However, Kafle claimed that the country has already met most of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets.
NCASC said that out of 25,222 identified HIV-infected, 9,818 have been enrolling in Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART) in 52 ART centers across the country. Likewise 142 pregnant women have been receiving care to prevent infection to their newborn from 95 sites run by the government. Doctors say infection among newborn can be prevented if proper medication is provided to the infected-mother.