A total of 54,173 youths went abroad for employment in the 10th month of the current fiscal year, the highest ever for a single month. It is 37.91 percent higher than 39,280 in the corresponding month last year. A whopping 1,748 youths left the country every day taking the 31 days in the month of Baiskah.
The previous high was 50,453 in the month of Asadh during the fiscal year 2069/70. A total of 411,589 youths, a rise of 10.78 percent, went abroad for employment in the first 10 months of the current fiscal year. A total of 45,937 went abroad in the first month of the current fiscal year, 24,214 in the second, 31,959 third, 31,949 fourth, 41,634 fifth, 50,032 sixth, 37,285 seventh, 48,552 eighth, and 45,854 ninth. The number was low in the second, third and fourth months due to Hindu festivals like Dashain, Tihar and Chhath, and Eid of Muslims.
Foreign Employment Expert Ganesh Gurung reasoned that the workers of industries—that have been closed due to energy crisis and labor dispute—have also started to go abroad. “There is no environment for job creation in Nepal. Foreign employment, therefore, has become the only alternative,” he said. Over 90 percent of the youths going abroad go to four major destinations Malaysia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates (UAE), and 64 percent to Qatar and Malaysia alone. The state of human rights is poor in these countries while remuneration is also low. Less than 10 percent of youths have gone to 104 countries opened by the government. The highest number of youths, 158,027, have gone to Malaysia in the current fiscal year, followed by Qatar (103,059), Saudi Arabia (68,364), UAE (44,856), Kuwait (18,007), Bahrain (3,701) and Oman (2,887).
Demand for Nepali workers has been rising in Qatar due to construction of infrastructure for the FIFA World Cup and in Malaysia due to ban on Bangladeshi workers there. “We have been limited only to the Gulf states and Malaysia, and failed to reach to countries with better pay and facilities, and human rights,” Gurung said. “The entrepreneurs failed to do marketing in Europe and North America and the government also failed to facilitate it,” he added.